A Washington state administrative judge on Wednesday upheld fines for three presidential electors who broke their pledges to vote for Democratic nominee Hillary ClintonHillary Rodham ClintonClinton targets Trump in speech, urging supporters to 'resist, insist, persist, enlist' Clinton defends April Ryan, Rep. Maxine Waters in speech Lobbying world MORE in December.
Judge Robert Krabill of Tacoma said Washington's secretary of State was within her rights to levy $1,000 fines against Levi Guerra, Esther John and Peter "Bret" Chiafolo, Democratic electors who voted for former Secretary of State Colin Powell over Clinton in the presidential election.
All three electors, along with a fourth who voted for a Native American leader, signed a pledge to vote for Clinton if she won Washington's electoral votes. Clinton took 57 percent of the vote in the reliably liberal state in November.
After the electors broke their pledges, Secretary of State Kim Wyman (R) said she would impose the fines under a law passed in the late 1970s to discourage "faithless electors."
Guerra, John and Chiafolo all appealed the fines. A federal judge threw out their request, so they turned to the state administrative system to appeal. An attorney for the three electors told The Seattle Times they anticipate filing an appeal of Krabill's decision.
The fourth faithless elector, Robert Satiacum, voted for Native American rights activist Faith Spotted Eagle. It was not immediately clear whether Satiacum had paid the fine levied by Wyman's office.
The votes for Powell were part of a last-ditch effort to deny the presidency to Donald TrumpDonald TrumpPresident shows disregard to environment with executive actions on climate change Dem rep: Nunes acting ‘aggressive,’ ‘unusual’ The Democratic Party playbook must change if liberals are to win the future MORE. Chiafolo co-founded a movement dubbed the Hamilton Electors, which tried to rally members of the Electoral College around Powell as an alternative to Trump.
But only three electors outside of Washington voted for someone other than the candidate to whom they were pledged. One Texas elector cast a ballot for former Rep. Ron Paul (R-Texas), and another voted for Ohio Gov. John Kasich (R). A Democratic elector in Hawaii voted for Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersIn California race, social justice wing of Democrats finally comes of age Sanders to headline progressive 'People's Summit' The Hill's 12:30 Report MORE (I-Vt.).
Twenty-eight other states, like Washington, require presidential electors to stick with the candidate they pledged to support. Some states will not count faithless votes. Others allow parties to replace faithless electors with alternates. And still others, like Washington, levy fines.